Salient features of Indian constitution-Test 1 | THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION

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Salient features of Indian constitution-Test 1

Question 1

The most essential feature of a federal government is

   
A
Division of a Power between the federal and state government
B
Supremacy of Judiciary
C
Supremacy of parliament
D
Single Citizenship
Question 1 Explanation: 
A federal government is a system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments. The most essential feature of a federal government is division of a power between the federal and state government. US is the best example of federal government. Here, separation of powers is a fundamental principle. The powers and responsibilities are divided among the legislative branch, executive branch, and judicial branch.
Question 2

Which one of the following is not an element of the state?

 
A
Population
B
Army
C
Land
D
Government
Question 2 Explanation: 
The following are the elements of the state, 1. Population 2. Territory 3. Government 4. Soverignty Hence, 'Army' is not an element of the state.
Question 3

The declaration that Democracy is a Government of the people, by the people, for the people was made by

 
A
Abraham Lincon
B
Winston Churchill
C
George Washington
D
Theodre Roosevelt
Question 3 Explanation: 
The declaration that Democracy is a Government of the people, by the people, for the people was made by 'Abraham Lincon.' Abraham Lincon defined democracy as the Government of the people, by the people, for the people. The word democracy is derieved from the Greek language and it means "rule by the people"
Question 4

Assertion (A) : Indian Constitution is quasi-federal. Reason (R): Indian constitution is neither federal nor unitary. Select the correct answer using the codes given below

 
A
Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
B
A is true but R is false
C
Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
D
A is false but R is true
Question 4 Explanation: 
Indian Constitution is neither purely federal nor unitary, but it is a combination of both. So it can be termed as quasi-federal constitution. Throughout the Constitution, emphasis is laid on the fact that India is a single united nation. India is described as a Union of States constituted into sovereign, secular, socialist and democratic republic. So, both the statements are individually true and statement II is the correct explanation of statement I
Question 5

The Presidential government operates on the principle of

 
A
Balance of Powers
B
Centralisation of Powers
C
Separation of powers
D
Division of powers between centre and states
Question 5 Explanation: 
The Presidential government operates on the principle of Separation of powers. In presidential system of goverment, the President is the the executive leader and he is directly voted upon by the people. Separation of powers is the basic principle in presidential government. In other words, doctrine of dividing powers between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government is present in this system.
Question 6

There are provisons in the constitution to ensure the independence of

A
None of these
B
Citizens
C
Judiciary
D
Parliament
Question 6 Explanation: 
There are provisons in the constitution to ensure the independence of Judiciary. Because judiciary ensures that no influence or interference from the government or the party in power. Moreover, the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts are appointed by the President of India as per the indian constitution.
Question 7

 How many Articles consists in the Indian Constitution?

 
A
447 Articles
B
380 Articles
C
448 Articles
D
470 Articles
Question 7 Explanation: 
There are 448 Articles consists in the Indian Constitution. Indian constitution is the world's lengthiest written constitution. It had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules at the time of commencement. Currently, Constitution of India has 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments.
Question 8

Which of the following countries enjoys a federal form of government ?

A
China
B
Belgium
C
Cuba
D
USA
Question 8 Explanation: 
A federal government is a system of dividing a power between central government and state governments that are connected to one another by the national government. In this context, USA is truely federal form of government.
Question 9

 The constitution of India is

A
Partly rigid, partly flexible 
B
Very rigid
C
Flexible
D
Rigid
Question 9 Explanation: 
Rigid constitutions are those, which require a special procedure for the amendment. It is above the ordinary law and can be changed by specific procedure, which is different from the procedure of ordinary law, thus making it difficult to change. In a flexible constitution there is no distinction between ordinary law and constitutional law. It can be ammended or modified by ordinary law. The constitution of India is having elements of flexible constitution and as well as a rigid constitution.
Question 10

 Which one of the following is a basic feature of the Presidential Government ?

 
A
Rigid Constitution
B
Supremacy of the Legislature
C
Single Executive
D
Residual Powers of the States
Question 10 Explanation: 
The presidential form of government is that in which the executive is not responsible to the legislature. The president is the single and real executive. There is no nominal or ceremonial executive. All the powers are vested in the hands of the president.
Question 11

 The English Crown is an example of

 
A
Nominal executive
B
Quasi-real executive
C
Real executive
D
Nominated executive
Question 11 Explanation: 
The English Crown is an example of Nominal executive. In nominal executive, the head of state is the Monarch or the president whereas in real executive, the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister is the head of the state. The nominal executive is not responsible for its actions as these are performed in its name by the real executive. The real executive is responsible for all the actions of the nominal executive. The nominal executive is the ceremonial and dignified part of the executive, whereas the real executive is its powerful part.
Question 12

At which of its session, did the Congress officially accept the 'Socialistic Pattern of Society'?

 
A
Nagpur Session of 1959
B
Bombay Session of 1953
C
Calcutta Session of 1957
D
Avadi Session of 1955
Question 12 Explanation: 
Congress officially accept the 'Socialistic Pattern of Society'at Avadi Session of 1955. According to the planning Commission,"Socialist pattern of society", means, "that the basic criterion for determining the lines of advance must not be private profit but social gain, and that the pattern of development and the structure of socio-economic relations should be so planned that they result not only in preciable increases in national income and employment but also in greater equality in incomes and wealth"
Question 13

Who called Indian Federalism as the Co-operative Federalism ?

A
G. Austin
B
K.C. Wheare
C
Sir Ivor Jennings
D
D.D. Basu
Question 13 Explanation: 
The Federal feature of the Indian Constitution is one of its salient features, but the term ‘Federation’ is nowhere been mentioned in Indian Constitution. However, Constitution has provided for a structure of governance which is truely federal in nature. Cooperative federalism is a concept of federalism in which national, state, and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems. It is also known as marble-cake federalism. 'Granville Austin' was the person who called Indian Federalism as the Co-operative Federalism.
Question 14

Which one of the following is the most important element of the State?

 
A
Capital
B
Head of the Government
C
Sovereignty
D
Flag
Question 14 Explanation: 
Sovereignty' is the most important element of the State. The word ‘sovereignty” means supreme and final legal authority above and beyond which no legal power exists. The concept of “sovereignty” was developed in conjunction with the rise of the modern state. The term Sovereignty is derived from the Latin word superanus which means supreme court.
Question 15

 Which of the following official documents is related with India ?

 
A
Green Paper
B
White Paper
C
Yellow Book
D
Blue Book
Question 15 Explanation: 
White papers are policy documents given by the Government. In a white paper the government describes and gives out its strategy for future legislation. White papers are often published as Command Papers.
Question 16

 In Indian Polity which of the following is Supreme?

A
Religion
B
The Constitution
C
The Parliament
D
The Supreme Court
Question 16 Explanation: 
The constitution of India is the supreme law of India. The parliament cannot override the constitution. Moreover the Supreme court delivers its orders based on the Articles of the constitution. Also Religion cannot be supreme in Indian Polity as we are as secular country where all religions are equal
Question 17

The Unitary system of Government possesses which of the following advantages ?

 
A
Greater adaptability
B
Greater participation by the people
C
Lesser chances of authoritarianism
D
Strong state
Question 17 Explanation: 
A unitary form of government is one in which all the powers are concentrated in the hands of the central government. The central government creates local units only for administrative convenience. The two important qualities of the Unitary Government are: 1. The supremacy of the central government and thus a strong state 2. The absence of the subsidiary sovereign bodies.
Question 18

What is Gandhi's definition of 'Ram Raj'?

 
A
The greatest good of all
B
Sovereignty of the people based on pure moral authority
C
The absolute power concentrated in the hands of a king
D
The rule as it was during the time of Rama
Question 18 Explanation: 
There was an episode in ‘Ramayana’, wherein ‘Sita’ had to go through Agni- pariksha to prove her innocence. It was not "Rama" but "people" who were suspicious of Sita. Rama bows down to fulfill the demand of his people. Similarly, In 1929 Gandhi wrote with emphasis on this, that by Ramarajya he did not mean Hindu Raj. Gandhi's idea of Ramarajya was to ensure equal rights for prince and pauper.
Question 19

 Statement I : The Constitution of India is a liberal constitution. Statement II : It provides Fundamental Rights to individuals.

 
A
Statement I is true but statement II is false
B
Both the statements are individually true and statement II is the correct explanation of statement I
C
Both the statements are individually true but statement II is not the correct explanation of statement I.
D
Statement I is false but statement II is true
Question 19 Explanation: 
Liberal constitution is the one which helps in protecting the liberty of the individual. Indian constitution guarantees individual liberty through fundamental rights. Liberty means the unrestricted freedom of the individual to do anything he likes to do. But this sort of unrestricted liberty is lethal for the society. It is important to note that Indian constitution checks the liberty through fundamental duties. So, both the statements are individually true and statement II is the correct explanation of statement I.
Question 20

 Who among the following gave the following statement about the Indian Constitution ? 'Indian constitution strikes a good balance between extreme rigidity and too much flexibility'.

 
A
M.V. Pylee
B
K.C. Wheare
C
Alexanderowic
D
B.R. Ambedkar
Question 20 Explanation: 
Alexanderowic gave the following statement about Indian constitution 'Indian constitution strikes a good balance between extreme rigidity and too much flexibility'. Indian constitution is partly rigid and partly flexible in nature.
Question 21

Democracy is India rests on the fact that

Democracy is India rests on the fact that People have rights to choose and change the Government. In other words the very definition of democracy is 'a government by the people in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system'
A
There are Fundamental Rights
B
People have rights to choose and change the Government
C
There are Directive Principles of State
D
The Constitution is a written one
Question 21 Explanation: 
Democracy is India rests on the fact that People have rights to choose and change the Government. In other words the very definition of democracy is 'a government by the people in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system'
Question 22

 The basic features of the Indian Constitution which are not amendable under Article 368 are

 
A
Sovereignty, territorial integrity, federal system, judicial review and parliamentary system of government
B
Sovereignty, territorial integrity, federal system and judicial review
C
Judicial review and the federal system
D
Sovereignty, territorial integrity and parliamentary system of government
Question 23

 The cardinal features of political system in India are 1. It is a democratic republic. 2. It has a parliamentary form of government. 3. The supreme power vests in the people of India. 4 . It provides for a unified authority. Select the correct answer from the codes given below.

 
A
1, 2 and 3
B
All of these
C
1 and 2
D
2, 3 and 4
Question 23 Explanation: 
The fundamental features of Indian political system are 1. Democratic republic 2. Parliamentary form of government 3. The supreme power vests in the people of India 4 . It provides for a unified authority
Question 24

In Indian Polity, the executive is subordinate to the

      .
A
Election Commission
B
Legislature
C
Union Public Service Commission
D
Judiciary
Question 24 Explanation: 
In Indian Polity, the executive is subordinate to the Legislature. Legislators are members of the legislative branch of government, which is responsible for making new laws and changing existing laws. They are elected by the public to work for the federal government or for various other levels of government. They govern by proposing bills, holding votes, and passing laws
Question 25

The most essential feature of the Parliamentary form of Government is

 
A
accountability of the executive to the legislature
B
sovereignty of the Parliament
C
independent judiciary
D
written Constitution
Question 25 Explanation: 
The most essential feature of the Parliamentary form of Government is sovereignity of the parliament in case of UK (The sovereignty of the parliament is a fundamental of the UK establishment. It makes Parliament the supreme legal command in the UK, which can start or end any law. Generally, the courts cannot overrule its legislation). While in case of India, the most essential feature of the parliamentary form of government is independent judiciary. (in India, Judiciary is indepenedent and free from Legislative and executive). As there is no clarity in the question, answer can either be A or D.
There are 25 questions to complete.

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